Clouds partially covering the moon over a lake.

7 Essential Tips for Photographing the Moon

I spent last weekend in a planetarium enjoying the night sky through an incredibly powerful telescope.  My kids had never stayed up so late in their lives, so I regretted the decision later, but it has me thinking about night photography.  Consequently, I wanted to share with you a few tips I’ve learned over the years as I have shot photos of the moon.

Moon on a blue sky surrounded by pine trees.

Show scale by including foreground elements.

#1 Show Scale

The moon is 239,000 miles (384,000 kilometers) from Earth.  Despite its size, it is apparently tiny in the night sky.  As you photograph the moon, your biggest challenge will be finding a way to connect it to the earth in a visual way in the photograph.  (By the way, I’m resisting a strong urge right now to quote George Bailey in It’s a Wonderful Life right now).

One simple way to visually “throw a lasso around the moon and pull it down” (sorry, I warned you that the urge was strong) is to include a foreground in the photo.  In the above example, trees are used to show a sense of scale and to connect the moon with elements on Earth to which the viewer can relate.

#2 Shoot Telephoto

Even if you plan on including foreground elements in your moon photo, be sure to shoot with a much longer lens than you normally do.  Otherwise, the moon will be little more than a speck in the sky.  Depending on the lunar cycle (which affects the size of the moon in relation to Earth), a good starting point would be a lens of at least 150mm if you want the moon to be a main element in the photo.  If the moon is only a small part of a larger landscape, you could shoot between 70-100mm for a smaller moon.

Taxi cab at night in the city

See the moon in the background? It’s easy to toss into night photos if you have some moon shots in your Lightroom Library! “Taxi Cab at Night” – Photo by Jim Harmer

#3 Grab At Least One Tight Shot

If you shoot night photography frequently, having a few nice tight and detailed photos of the moon in your Lightroom Library can be extremely helpful.  Before you finish your moon shoot, be sure to zoom in to 300mm on a longer lens and grab a few tight shots of the moon with nothing else but sky in the frame.

I frequently toss a moon in my night photos to add to the serene mood I want those photos to have.  Also, the moon is almost always overexposed in night photos because it is so much brighter than the rest of the landscape, so having a nice moon shot in your library can be an easy way to fix the overexposure.

#4 Shoot the Full Moon Right at Moonrise

Most photographers understand that shooting nature photography during the daylight hours is not all the same.  Shooting at sunrise and sunset is most common for landscape photographers.  However, photographers somehow forget about lighting entirely when they start out in night photography.

PhotoDoto has a great tip for shooting the moon at the very best time–when the full moon is rising:

[sws_blockquote align=”” alignment=”aligncenter” cite=”” quotestyles=”style01″] . .    Sure, you can just look up at the moon every night and exclaim, “Whoa, . there it is!” but that’s no way to ensure that you snap pictures of it when the time’s most opportune. Instead, go the scientific route and head to the U.S. Naval Observatory website, where you can specifically calculate when the moon’s going to rise and set, both in the U.S. and internationally.” [/sws_blockquote]
Clouds partially covering the moon over a lake.

Cloudy moons make for great photos!

#5 Wait for the Clouds

The photo on the right is a perfect example of why waiting for clouds to partially cover the moon can make for stunning moon photos.  The moon backlights the clouds, which creates a glow around the area of the moon in the photo.

Photographers are often tempted to shoot the moon on cloudless nights, but usually spotty clouds in the sky make the best conditions for shooting the moon.

Moon Panorama

Moon Panorama

#6 Want Stars? Forget the Full Moon!

The full moon is beautiful, but remember that the brightness of a full moon will almost always drown out the stars around it.  If you want a photo of the night sky with the moon and stars, your best bet is to shoot the moon when it is just a sliver of a crescent in the sky.

As you can see in the panorama above, the stars right around the moon are much less visible than the stars further away from it in this extremely wide panorama.  The stars are less visible not so much because the moon drowns out the light of the stars, but because the moon brightens the empty area of sky around the stars.

Moon phase chart

Moon phase chart

#7 Know Your Moon

A basic knowledge of the moon and how it works is helpful to plan for your shoot this year and in years to come.  Here is some basic information:

Moon photo with text over it advertising this article.

Ready for Pinterest!

What are the various moon phases called?

Full moon – a full moon is really a misnomer.  Obviously, it is only half the moon that is visible to the earth (unless you are skilled at seeing around edges of the moon).

Gibbous moon – a gibbous moon is where 3/4 of the moon is illuminated.  It is said to be a “waxing gibbous” if the illuminated portion is on the right, and a “waning gibbous” if the illumination is on the left side of the moon.

Quarter moon – the quarter moon is when the visible portion of the moon is cut in half.  It is called a “first quarter” moon when the visible portion is on the right, and a “third quarter” when the illuminated portion is on the left.

Crescent moon – this one is simple to remember!  This is when the moon is just a crescent-shaped sliver in the sky.  It is deemed a “waxing crescent” when the illumination is on the right, and “waning” when on the left — just like with the gibbous moon.

New moon – the new moon is easily remembered by thinking “no moon.”  This is when the moon is not illuminated.  With no visible illumination on the moon, the stars appear much brighter, so get out and shoot the Milky Way!

What is the supermoon?

The so-called supermoon occurs when the moon is either full or in new moon phase when the moon is the closest it gets to Earth in its orbit.  This occurrence has the practical effect of making the moon appear between 10 and 30% larger.

When will the next supermoon occur?

While many photographers may have the supermoon marked on their calendars and the news makes it seem like a once-in-a-lifetime event, the truth is that a “supermoon” occurs every 14 lunar cycles — which is just over a year.  If you are the calendar-marking type, the next supermoons will occur on August 10, 2014; October 27, 2015; December 14, 2016; and January 2, 2018.

This article is a part of a series on night photography.  Read the rest of my night photography articles here.


  1. Gina

    Love these tips. I am brand new at photography though. I have a Canon Rebel T2i and a 55-250mm lens. Will this lens take decent moon photos or should I get a longer one? Also, can you tell me the best settings for my camera to get the moon shots with clouds?
    Thank you

    1. Amanda

      I have gotten nice moon shots with the 55-250 on the T2i, so yes it will work. A longer lens would be better, but much over 300mm will cost you significantly more that the 55-250 lens did.

  2. Doug

    I love these tips and i have even gotten some great photos of the moon the last time we had the Supermoon…. Gina, easiest thing to do is just fool around with all the different settings to figure out the best one to use.

  3. Thomas

    Regarding correct settings for exposure, I love the quote from, i believe, Ansel Addams: “The moon is a sunlit scene.”

  4. Gloria

    I would love to know the lens used and the setting for the moon shot with the clouds. I play around with my settings and my shoots do not come out like this one.

  5. greg

    None of these are really good, honestly. These are basic common sense mixed with a bit of luck depending on current conditions.

    I was hoping for technical tips regarding exposure and speed, ISO/F-stop etc.

    1. Renata

      Greg, shoot in aperture priority mode with settings you might use on a sunny day. Start around f/16, ISO 100, and use a tripod. Adjust settings as needed for subsequent shots.

    2. Basil

      Also try not to photograph the moon when it is full. The other phases are more interesting as you get to see the detail of the craters due to shadow being cast by the sun. If you use a nice long lens, say 300mm or 500mm, (with tripod and cable release) you will be amazed at the detail you can see. Also take multiple exposures and experiment with aperture and shutter speed. Have fun!

      1. Brian

        I had to chime in to say I totally agree. I’ve done the crescent, quarter and such. A full moon, while brighter, can be boring, actually.

        1. Author
          Jim Harmer

          AND by shooting the moon when it isn’t full, you get to see more stars!

  6. PS

    Even Minus the technical details the article is excellent. I am going to mark my Calendar for next Super moon. Thank you for sharing.

  7. Kristi

    Thanks so much for the tips! There are man early mornings, when I’m driving to work, that the moon almost makes me pull over to snap a shot of it. :) Some mornings it is just stunning!

  8. Satyendra Kumar

    Hi Jim, I am new to photography. I have Canon T3i with 18-55, 55-250 and 75-300 lenses. I took a photo of Full Moon with 75-300, when I was able to see the patterns on the Full Moon through the view finder, however, when I clicked the photos it was missing all the patterns and details. Any suggestions please?

    1. Author
      Jim Harmer

      Overexposure. Stop down the aperture and choose a faster shutter speed.

  9. Dominic

    Other than Lightroom library, is there any way to have a proper exposure moon and ambient night scene? I tried my ways e.g. HDR but nothing works. The brightness different is so huge.

    1. Author
      Jim Harmer

      It really won’t work. You have to shoot one photo for the moon and another for the landscape. Then combine in PS.

  10. Sanjeev Garg

    I find the tips helpful as I do use only closeups of moon instead of all other postures. Thanks for the same.

  11. Teo

    When I first started shooting the moon, I wasn’t getting the details that I had envisioned, so I took a photo of the moon in full day light. Picture came out great. For better contrast I blacked out the sky & walla :-) the results were better than any night time shots that I have since taken.

  12. Desai

    Thanks for the tips!
    I’ve just started learning photography and have a Nikon D5100 with the 55-300 mm lens. Wanted to shared some moon pics I’ve taken this week in India (Bangalore) for your feedback. How do I share the pics?

  13. Colleen

    Thanks for the tips! I’ve had difficulty getting things to look right with my shots and look forward to utilizing your advise.

    On an off note, when were you in Naples, FL? Taxi Cab at Night was taken just down the street from me. :)

  14. Max

    i recently purchased a canon eos700d with a 18 to 250mm lens, i am mainly interested in getting a shot like your no 5 pic, waiting for the clouds, if i can get shots like that i will be very happy, moonscapes are so much more interesting with clouds backlit by the moon. i know long exposures are required, i recently tried taking some moonscape photo’s, first with the manual setting but they all came out witht the moon being overexposed and the clouds underexposed or the other way around, i switched to the av mode and got some better shots but they were still blurry due the lack of tripod and dark around the corners which i could not fugure out.

  15. jarrod

    I have a nikon do 100 with a 700mm zoom lens. If I am taking am zoomed photo b of the moon, what are recommended setting suggestions for getting the shot?
    Beginning photographer and looki by for some night shot tips.

    Thank you so much.

  16. Gurpreet Singh

    Thanks for sharing this, I Learnt here that moon would not be the good option to capture alone. We should add some earth elements to related the shot.

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