Best Flash Photography Gear (Off-camera flash)

Off-camera lighting gear


It is a shame that most photographers stay away from off-camera flash simply because they do not know what to buy and how to get it cheap.  This page will walk you through the steps of purchasing a complete lighting set-up for under $150.

Note that prices are in U.S. dollars as I found them online today.  Pricing will vary according to country, but you should be able to find equivalent products no matter where you live.

If you just want my recommendations on gear, I split them up into three packages that you can choose between depending on your budget.  If all you’re looking for is my recommendation of what off-camera flash gear to buy, then that’s all you’ll need; however, I wrote a detailed description below the shopping lists to explain all about each piece of gear, how it is used, and why I recommend each product over the competition.  If you need more information, it’s all there.

Jim’s Recommended Lighting Kits

Bare Bones Lighting Setup

Bare bones Kit (Total: $150)

$40 – Cowboy Studio umbrella, bracket, and stand
$65 – YN560 Flash (Works on all Canon, Nikon, and Sony cameras.  See my review of the FANTASTIC YN560 flash here)
$22 – NPT-04 Cowboy Studio Wireless Flash Trigger (Works on Canon and Nikon, but Sony will have to buy this one.  Allows you to fire the flash wirelessly)
$14 – 43″ 5-in-1 Reflector (Absolutely essential!)

Standard Kit (Total: $309)

$71 – ePhoto lighting kit with two light stands, two brackets, 2 shoot-through umbrellas, 2 silver umbrellas, and a carrying case
$130 – Two YN560 flashes (So you can use one as a main light and one to fill in shadows.  Also handy for lighting groups)
$29 – NPT-04 Cowboy Studio Wireless Flash Trigger (Same as in “bare bones” but this one has two receivers since you’ll have two flashes with this set-up)
$45 – 24″ Softbox (I am a big fan of this softbox.  Folds up small, easy to assemble, great light.)
$20 – Two ePhoto 40″ Shoot-Through Umbrellas (The larger the umbrella, the softer the light)
$14 – 43″ 5-in-1 Reflector (Absolutely essential!)

Portable Home Studio Kit (Total: $715)

$96 –  Four Opteka Light Stands (Much more solid than the Cowboy Studio stand in the “bare bones” set-up)
$260 – Four YN560 flashes (So you can use one as a main light and one to fill in shadows.  Also handy for lighting groups)
$60 – Two NPT-04 Cowboy Studio Wireless Flash Trigger (Buy two kits, so you have four receivers to fire all flashes)
$90 – Two 24″ Softboxes (I am a big fan of this softbox.  Folds up small, easy to assemble, great light.)
$22 – Two ePhoto Flash Brackets with Umbrella Mounts (You’ll need this to put the flash and umbrella on the stand)
$20 – Two ePhoto 40″ Shoot-Through Umbrellas (The larger the umbrella, the softer the light)
$14 – 43″ 5-in-1 Reflector (Absolutely essential!)
$136 – Ravelli 10’x20′ Studio backdrop with white and black muslins (Extremely sturdy and high quality for a cheap price)
$12 – Rosco the Strobist Collection 55 Gels for your flash (Flash is a lot more fun once you can color the light!)

How to Choose a Flash

A studio monolight

There are two basic types of flash units, or strobes, available.  The first type is a monolight, which you’ll occasionally hear people call a studio strobe.  Name brand monolights are quite expensive and often cost around $1,000.  They are also less portable because they need to be plugged into an AC socket and are heavy; however, monolights are preferable for many studio uses because they recycle almost instantly and can output more light per flash.  Personally, I rarely use studio strobes.  It is too cumbersome and I can usually get away with the lighter (and cheaper!) flashes.

The other type of flash is called a speedlight.  A speedlight is the small type of flash that can mount on the hot shoe of your camera.  It used to be that these flashes were ONLY used on-camera, but in the last few years, the strobist movement has taken over and more and more photographers are using speedlights as a replacement for bulky and expensive monolights.

So, you want to buy a speedlight?  You will likely change your mind if you go to the camera store and see the $500 price tag on just one Canon or Nikon speedlight.  Unless you are a doctor, lawyer, or money launderer, that will likely be outside your budget–especially when you consider the fact that you will want more than one flash eventually.  The good news is that third party manufacturers produce fantastic flash units for a fraction of the price.

There are many third-party speedlights to choose from, but I personally have found the YN-560 flash to be the cream of the crop for the price.  It is powerful, easy to use, and recycles quickly.  However, there are two main features that the Canon and Nikon brand flashes have that you won’t find on the YN-560: high speed sync and ETTL.  Read this article to understand high speed sync.  ETTL is a technology that allows the camera to pass exposure information to the flash so the flash can automatically set the power output for you.  That is a handy feature for shooting wedding receptions or other areas where the lighting is not consistent from one shot to the next, but I prefer to shoot manual flash anyway for 95% of my flash photography.  Manual flash simply means that you set the power of the flash for each shot.  It’s simpler and helps you to learn more quickly.

Wireless flash trigger

How to Trigger Your Flash Off-Camera

Triggering a flash off-camera does not need to be difficult.  If you don’t want to fight with your camera or bang your head against the wall trying to understand this stuff, simply buy the flash triggers that I recommended in the shopping lists above.  All you’ll need to do is put the flash trigger on your camera, put the flash receiver under your flash, and take a picture.  Done!  No special camera settings are necessary.  It just… works!

If you are a glutton for punishment or you have no girlfriend and thus need some frustration in your life, then there are two more ways to wirelessly trigger an off-camera flash.

The first way only really works if you have a flash from the same company as your camera.  If you bought the expensive name-brand flash, then some DSLR cameras will be able to trigger the flash without the need of a dedicated flash trigger.  Note that I said only some cameras do this.  Most Nikon DSLRs have this capability built-in.  Some newer Canon DSLRs can also do this (Canon 60D and Canon T3i, for example).  If you choose this method, you’ll have to consult your camera manual and get into the settings and stuff to get it to go.  If you are technically inclined, this is pretty simple.  If you’re already a bit intimidated by this article, then just spend $20 on the flash trigger I recommended in the kits above and you’ll sleep more soundly at night.

The other way to wirelessly fire a flash off camera is actually useful even if you do buy a dedicated trigger.  This method is slave mode.  Turning your flash (both the name brand flashes and the YN-560 flash have this capability) to slave mode will tell the flash to fire as soon as it sees a burst of light from another flash.  This is useful if you have multiple flashes and only one trigger/receiver.  Just trigger the one flash and set the other flash to slave mode.  The slave will go off as soon as it sees the light from the other flash.  Works like a charm!

Lighting Equipment

How to Choose a Light Stand

All a light stand has to do is hold a flash.  That’s it.  However, it may be worth spending a little more money to buy a nicer stand, because the cheap ones don’t have a very wide base and are prone to tipping over in even the slightest breeze and smashing your flash and umbrella to bits.  Curse words are likely to follow.

Not only are the slightly more expensive stands sturdier at the base, they also are generally taller so you can use high angles.  The last main feature you’ll find in nicer stands is that they are air or spring cushioned.  Like the legs on a tripod, your light stand will have two sections that you can extend.  If you release the lock on the legs and don’t have a firm grip, your flash comes crashing down and slams into position.  More curse words.  Since the nicer stands are only about $20 cheaper than the stand I mentioned in the “bare bones” set-up, I think spending a couple extra bucks will be worth it.

How to Choose a Light Modifier

Softboxes, umbrellas, and beauty dishes are all examples of light modifiers.  All they do is soften and direct the light from the flash.  I know you’re going to buy a softbox no matter what I say (because, frankly, they look cooler than umbrellas), but if you actually want to know the difference, then read this article explaining the difference between umbrellas, softboxes, and beauty dishes.


  1. Mark Bush

    “Monolights are quite expensive at around $1,000 U.S. for each light.”
    I’d have to take exception here. You can purchase monolights ranging from $49 to $2,500. In fact, a decent three-light monolight set with external power sources can cost less than a set of three Nikon or Canon Speedlights.
    I would recommend the following:
    1 x Adorama Flashpoint 320M Portable Pack, Portrait Wedding Monolight Kit, with Two 320 Monolights, Portable Battery Packs, 9.5’Stands, Umbrellas, Snoot and Carrying Case @ $560. Fired in slave mode, they can be triggered by the on-camera flash, or with a JTL Radio Trigger and Receiver Slave Set ($46) using sync cables. Add the 5-in-1 reflector ($34) and 2 FlashPoint 36×24 softboxes at $60 each, and you’re good. There are loads of light modifiers like grids, snoots, barndoors and beauty dishes, etc. that fit the monolights all on a modest budget.

  2. Author

    @Mark Bush – You are right that there are many MANY cheap monolights available. I guess I was talking more about the name brands. To me, the Flashpoint stuff just doesn’t cut it. You are definitely correct though, I will go fix that sentence so I don’t lead anyone astray.

  3. Mark Bush

    Thanks, Jim. The Flashpoint M series from Adorama is one of several (non-eBay monolights that might be adequate for a beginner. Others that a (moderately-funded) beginner might consider are Alien Bees, Photogenic, Westcott, Impact, Interfit and Novatron. These can be purchased for under $250 per head. Some may also be compatible with a DC power supply, making them a viable “portable” solution.

    Great article. Very helpful. I only wish I had been able to glean some of the wisdom contained here when I started out and thereby could have avoided paying the “stupid” tax from my early, uninformed choices.

  4. Melissa Mertz

    I am having the toughest time getting the wireless flash trigger to work. I have a Nikon D7000. I bought exactly what you recommended above. I have two YN560’s and the NPT04. I’ve got the trigger attached to my camera’s hotshoe, and the receivers attached to the bottoms of the flashes. Everything is on. I can tell they’re communicating because when I take a photo, the red light on the trigger blinks at the same time as the red lights on the receivers. But the flashes aren’t firing. I thought maybe I had to have the camera’s built in flash popped up, but it can’t pop up all the way when the receiver is in the hotshoe. As for camera settings, I’ve tried every setting available for the flash: TTL, Manual, and Commander. Within Commander, I’ve tried all different combinations for modes (M, AA, –) on the built in flash, group A, and group B, as well as different channels. I’ve also tried just putting the camera on Auto, since you say that no special settings are needed.

    Yet if I remove the wireless trigger and receivers completely, the off-camera units work great–they fire when the built in flash fires, assuming the red sensors are facing the camera and can detect the flash. But I thought the point of these wireless goodies was so that the flashes could be behind the camera. What am I missing? Please help. I feel so dumb and lost, because your article says it should just WORK.

  5. Terry

    Melissa, LOL. I did almost the same thing with a cable to connect my 430ex 2 to my 60D. I messed with it for hours thinking why in the heck is this stupid junk not working. Blood pressure was thru the roof. I googled the product and found a you tube video and i instantly saw i had it connected backwards on my camera.Duh 😉 Good thing is i messed with that cable so much that i now know it inside out. LOL

  6. Warren

    In terms of wireless triggers, people should be aware of the impact of using an older workhorse flash like the Vivitar 283 that has a “trigger voltage” around 100V and will “fry” the Cowboy NPT-04 receivers. The Cactus V5 wireless trigger units, at about 2x the cost of the Cowboy units, will handle any of the older flashes AND have the benefit of being able to be used as a remote trigger for the camera as well as a slave for your flash units. Sometimes spending a bit more can give you a big benefit.

  7. Janna

    Gah! The YN-560 you linked is now $89 on Amazon. Why has it gone up $25 since you wrote this article two months ago? Still looking for a retailer selling it for around $65 or $70.

  8. Nik

    I love this article!!! thank you for posting, this is essential as i am shopping for a kit!!! again, THANKS!

    1. Author

      @Azi – I would recommend the flash I mentioned on this page. The YN-560 is a very capable flash for this type of use. I use it all the time.

  9. Azi

    @Jim i have 430ex II , i was wondering is this one will be ok for wedding shoot or i need to get those big strobes that you put in 2 corners of wedding hall . thanks

    1. Author

      @Azi – Now I understand what you mean. I wouldn’t worry about getting monolights for a shoot like this. I have often shot wedding receptions with just one small speedlight. If the hall is very dark and the couple does not mind you lighting the entire area, you can get 4 small strobes and place them strategically around the hall and wirelessly fire them so it lights up the entire room when you press the shutter button instead of just the flash on your camera. I have done it both ways with success.

  10. Azi

    yean now you got my point :). where do you direct them if you install them in 4 corners? toward center or to the wall or ceiling?
    thanks in advance

  11. Brenda

    Lighting is so intimidating and overwhelming to me. What is your advice to an amateur who has limited funds for equipment??? If you could only buy one type of lighting equipment what would it be? A reflector? Umbrella?

    I’m having such a hard time and getting very discouraged with shadows in all the wrong places. I don’t have a studio so do all my shooting outside.

    Don’t even get me started on white balance, etc….

  12. Sabrina

    For those of us who need a visual aid, or just for myself- Can you explain or send a setup diagram for your portable home studio kit showing where each of the pieces of equipment are used?


  13. frankie

    HI there.. I really would like to get that ‘cowboy” wireless flash. I like the price!!! However Icannot fine anywhere that will ship it to Australia. Is there an alternative that you would rcommend?

  14. Heather

    Help! I was so excited to purchase my cowboy studio umbrella, bracket and stand. And the bracket doesn’t fit my flash. :( I guess i thought they were universal somehow. Did I order the wrong one? Or is there a way to fix this without having to send it back? Thanks! You articles are SUPER helpful!

  15. Heather

    Okay, so all of the stuff I ordered is here now. (Ordered the first suggested kit.) The stand and hot shoe mount did not fit with the YN560 flash mount. It did, however, fit with my Sony mount. But the flash doesn’t fit my Sony. Sooo… I got an adapter to fit the YN560 onto the bracket. I was a little bummed I had to do this, but it was only $20 for the adapter, so it worked out in the end. :)

  16. Adil

    First I’d like to apologize for my mistakes, English is not my main language.

    I really would like to thank you for your website. You already helped me to make my choice for the flash and the Tripod. Now, I’d like to try strobism and your gear recommandation is just perfect. Also thank you for the link the two awesome tutorials.

    Good Luck for your website Jim.


  17. Vacuum Machine

    Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Extremely helpful info particularly the last part :) I care for such info much. I was seeking this certain information for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  18. Jill

    Loved the article!! I have a Nikon SB600 that I have been working on bounce flash with. Am looking to get more into strobist techniques (slow going!), and I’m wondering if I can use the SB600 with one of your YN560 lights for groups, etc. Is this possible?

  19. norelco razors

    Hey there would you mind letting me know which web host you’re using? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you recommend a good web hosting provider at a honest price? Thanks a lot, I appreciate it!

  20. h hershey

    Hi, thank you for your article. I clicked on your link to the 43″ 5 in 1 reflector and it was $555 dollars, not $14. Is there a cheaper one you could recommend?

  21. Brook J

    Hi .. thank you for this lovely article
    I’ve tried what you have said about buying a trigger and I’ve found out that it doesn’t work on my flash considering I have a Sigma EF-610 DG-St Flash Do I Need some kind of a special trigger for it ?!

  22. Kayla

    Thank you for this helpful kit recommendation. I bought portions of the bare bones kit (umbrella stand and triggers) and I absolutely love the results I am getting. I am not a professional photographer, but I had the opportunity to do a couple of photo sessions for family members over the Christmas holiday and I was very impressed with the results. Again, thank you for posting these kits. It has transformed my portrait photography for the better.

  23. Christine Kelly

    This was very helpful! I am currently looking into studio lighting for my business! Right Now, I am just doing natural light photography. (weather permitting! ) Thanks, Christine Kelly

  24. Melissa

    Wow, great suggestions, I am very knew into photography and I have had a Sony a390 laying around for about 2 years now, just haven’t had time to really work with it.. Would the Standard kit you suggested be compatible with this camera? Thanks in advance

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